Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

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Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes Income Taxes
The Company has elected to be treated as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, and intends to operate in a manner so as to continue to qualify for the tax treatment applicable to RICs. To qualify for tax treatment as a RIC, the Company must, among other things, distribute to its shareholders in each taxable year generally at least 90% of the Company’s investment company taxable income, as defined by the Code, and net tax-exempt income for that taxable year. To maintain tax treatment as a RIC, the Company, among other things, intends to make the requisite distributions to its shareholders, which generally relieves the Company from corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes.
Depending on the level of taxable income earned in a tax year, the Company can be expected to carry forward taxable income (including net capital gains, if any) in excess of current year dividend distributions from the current tax year into the next tax year and pay a nondeductible 4% U.S. federal excise tax on such taxable income, as required. To the extent that the Company determines that its estimated current year annual taxable income will be in excess of estimated current year dividend distributions from such income, the Company will accrue excise tax on estimated excess taxable income.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recorded U.S. federal income tax expense/(benefit) of $1.6 million and $4.0 million, respectively, including no U.S. federal excise tax expense/(benefit). For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company recorded U.S. federal income tax expense/(benefit) of $1.7 million and $3.0 million, respectively, including no U.S. federal excise tax expense/(benefit) for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and $21.6 thousand for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Taxable Subsidiaries
Certain of the Company’s consolidated subsidiaries are subject to U.S. federal and state corporate-level income taxes. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recorded a net tax expense of approximately $1.6 million and $4.0 million for taxable subsidiaries, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company recorded a net tax expense of approximately $1.7 million and $3.0 million for taxable subsidiaries, respectively.
The Company recorded a net deferred tax liability of $12.0 million and $12.0 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, for taxable subsidiaries, which is significantly related to GAAP to tax outside basis differences in the taxable subsidiaries' investment in certain partnership interests.